Genetic variation stimulated by epigenetic modification.
|Title||Genetic variation stimulated by epigenetic modification.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2008|
|Authors||Cummings JW, Bednarski DW, Maizels N|
|Keywords||Animals, Cells, Cultured, Chickens, Chromatin, Epigenesis, Genetic, Gene Conversion, Genetic Variation, Histones, Molecular Chaperones, Nucleosomes, Recombination, Genetic|
Homologous recombination is essential for maintaining genomic integrity. A common repair mechanism, it uses a homologous or homeologous donor as a template for repair of a damaged target gene. Such repair must be regulated, both to identify appropriate donors for repair, and to avoid excess or inappropriate recombination. We show that modifications of donor chromatin structure can promote homology-directed repair. These experiments demonstrate that either the activator VP16 or the histone chaperone, HIRA, accelerated gene conversion approximately 10-fold when tethered within the donor array for Ig gene conversion in the chicken B cell line DT40. VP16 greatly increased levels of acetylated histones H3 and H4, while tethered HIRA did not affect histone acetylation, but caused an increase in local nucleosome density and levels of histone H3.3. Thus, epigenetic modification can stimulate genetic variation. The evidence that distinct activating modifications can promote similar functional outcomes suggests that a variety of chromatin changes may regulate homologous recombination, and that disregulation of epigenetic marks may have deleterious genetic consequences.
|Alternate Journal||PLoS ONE|