AID in antibody perfection.
|Title||AID in antibody perfection.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2007|
|Authors||Vallur AC, Yabuki M, Larson ED, Maizels N|
|Journal||Cellular and molecular life sciences : CMLS|
|Date Published||2007 Mar|
|Keywords||Antibodies, Conserved Sequence, DNA, DNA Replication, Enzyme Activation, Genes, Immunoglobulin, Genetic Variation, Humans, Immunoglobulins, Mutagenesis, Mutagenesis, Site-Directed, Somatic Hypermutation, Immunoglobulin, Templates, Genetic|
Expressed immunoglobulin (Ig) genes undergo alterations in sequence and genomic structure in order to optimize antibody function. A single B cell-specific factor, activation-induced deaminase (AID), initiates these changes by deamination of cytosine to uracil. Uracil in DNA is encountered commonly, and conserved pathways are responsible for its faithful repair. However, at the Ig loci of B cells, AID-initiated damage is processed to produce three distinct outcomes: somatic hypermutation, class switch recombination and gene conversion. This review focuses on the role of AID in Ig gene diversification, emphasizing how AID functions within the mechanism of the Ig gene diversification pathway; and highlights open questions for future research, particularly the most provocative current question: what makes a gene a target for AID-initiated mutagenesis?
|Alternate Journal||Cell. Mol. Life Sci.|