Germ line variable regions that match hypermutated sequences in genes encoding murine anti-hapten antibodies.
|Title||Germ line variable regions that match hypermutated sequences in genes encoding murine anti-hapten antibodies.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1992|
|Authors||David V, Folk NL, Maizels N|
|Date Published||1992 Nov|
|Keywords||Animals, Base Sequence, DNA Probes, Gene Conversion, Gene Rearrangement, B-Lymphocyte, Genes, Immunoglobulin, Genetic Variation, Immunoglobulin Variable Region, Mice, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Molecular Sequence Data, Mutation, Oxazolone, Sequence Alignment|
We asked whether there are germ line immunoglobulin variable (V) segments that match sites of hypermutation in V regions encoding murine antibodies. Murine germ line DNA was probed with a panel of short deoxyoligonucleotides identical in sequence to segments of hypermutated V regions from hybridomas generated in the BALB/c response to the hapten 2-phenyloxazolone (Ox). Germ line sequences that match mutations in both heavy and kappa light chain V regions were identified, and clones of some of these germ line V segments were obtained. Comparison of these clones with hypermutated V regions revealed regions of identity ranging in size from 7 to over 50 nucleotides. In an effort to separate the effects of antigen selection from the mutagenic process, we also searched for matches to a panel of silent mutations in VH regions from germinal center B cells. Fourteen silent mutations occur among a collection of 36 hypermutated VH regions from two separate germinal centers of C57BL/6 mice stimulated with the hapten 4-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl. Matches to nine of these silent mutations can be found among published sequences of C57BL/6 VH regions of the J558 family. Taken together, these data are consistent with the possibility that a template-dependent mutational process, like gene conversion, may contribute to somatic hypermutation.